PREFABRICATED MODULAR HOUSES
COMPETITION PROJECT, 1ST PLACE
R.Palekas, B.Puzonas, D.Uogintė, A.Palekienė, M.Skirmantas
Although the territory is adjoining historical buildings of the Agriculture Museum, we design new buildings as an architectural continuation of the existing housing developments. We do not try to be contextual in terms of details or shape, as we find the existing buildings too complicated. We converse with the existing buildings via visual/emotional denominator of the existing and the new: 1) white shades; 2) scale – we fill the plots with buildings of two different sizes. We also do not try to find any links between the architectural expression of Museum and the new buildings. Instead we aim to design background buildings by shaping horizontal silhouettes, solid, monochrome volumes with quiet facade divisions.
The three plots in Kaasiku str. should be filled in the same principle. We aim to zone the plots as rationally as possible. Every plot is divided into five hierarchical zones of similar sizes: 1) public – entrance to the plot; 2) semi-public – inner court, surrounded by the three private terrace houses; 3)-5) private – separate intimate back yards, that are strongly (visually and functionally) connected to the interiors of their houses. No nobody’s territories.
Conceptual means of stimulating social comfort:1)half open/half closed entrance court encourages sociality of the neighbours, different colours of this yard allow to form identity of the neighbouring group; 2) Separate and intimate gardens preserve the privacy of the family; 3) the privacy and sociability both are necessary for the main aspect of overall safety.
Conceptual means of saving energy: 1) optimal orientation of rooms, use of bay window; 3) compact and simple shape of the building; 4) rational sizes and location of the windows, possibility to form natural cross-ventilation; 5) deciduous tree in front of the bay window, helping to balance sun/shade in the main living premises during the course of day and change of seasons; 6)simple local materials, optimal transportation of the prefabricated units.
Supporting structure – timber structure and laminated timber. Heat retaining massive and dark material (such as terraccota) – in particular areas. Facades – painted wood planks, roof finishing – tin plate. Roof drain – outer system with possibility to store water under the inner court.
The main prefab volume is of the maximum available size of 10×5,3m. Wet core is located in a separate prefab volume. All elements do not exceed 3.5m height. One building can be transported in 3 trucks.